An Illinois Living Will is a legally enforceable document that allows a person, often referred to as a Principal or Declarant, to provide a written record of how they would like to be cared for if they are ever in an incapacitated or end-of-life medical condition. This document ensures that a person's end-of-life desires will be followed, while also giving family and loved ones the assurance that, despite the difficult situation, the Principal is being cared for exactly how he or she desires. Illinois uses Title 755 of the Illinois Revised statutes to ensure that all living will document are written to the same standard. These statutes also lay out provisions and protections for living will documents. For example, these statutes allow provisions for a Principal to provide direction toward any procedures that involve any treatment to prolong the point of death. These treatments may include ventilation, blood transfusions, feeding tubes, dialysis and more. These statutes also provide protections for healthcare providers for following the directives of a living will. Title 755 explains that physicians and medical providers will not be subject to criminal or civil liability for withdrawing medication or treatment that keeps a patient alive if they are acting in good faith.
The first step to completing an Illinois Living will is to identify the Principal and provide his or her information. This will consist of his or her full name, address, and telephone number. Next, the Advocate will be appointed by proving their name, address, and phone number. provide the Principal's identifying information. Once the Principal and Agent has been identified, the Principal may then go into detail about specific treatments and aid that they refuse or consent to. Once all of this information has been provided, the living will document will be signed according to Chapter 755, all living will documents must be signed by the Principal and two (2) witnesses who are at least 18 years old.